Prepositions of Purpose: “To” & “For”

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What are prepositions of purpose?

  • We use prepositions of purpose to describe goals and feelings rather than things.

    • I am happy to see you.

    • She wants to learn English.

    • I am sorry for your loss.

How do we use prepositions of purpose?

  • To

    • Many verbs in the English language are followed by “to.”

INTEREST

willing, refuse

DESIRE

want, like, prefer, object

INTENTION

plan, intend, prepare

OBLIGATION

have, need

  • The construction: Subject + verb + “to” + verb phrase

    • Juliana is willing to work more hours.

    • Chenay plans to travel to France.

    • We have to go to bed now.

  • For

    • Some adjectives and verbs are followed by “for.”

FEELINGS

happy, sad, sorry, excited

PURPOSE FOR ACTION

look, pay, wait, cook

DESCRIPTION

famous, popular

  • The construction: Subject + “to be” + adjective + “for” + phrase

    • We are excited for your show!

    • They aren’t sorry for what they did.

  • The construction: Subject + verb + “for” + noun/ noun phrase

    • I waited for you for five hours!

    • We looked for you at the mall.

Activity

I. Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition of purpose

  • We are so sad ______ see you go.

  • I want _____ thank you for everything.

  • I always cook ______ my wife so she doesn’t have to do it when she gets home.

  • We’ve prepared _______ this all our lives.

  • She has ______ wake up at 6am.

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